Saturday, December 28, 2019
Middle childhood is very important time in a childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. This is the time when a child starts to look up to their peers and starts to accept the actions of their peers and starts to understand what true friendship is. Middle childhood is a difficult time in a childÃ¢â¬â¢s life, the child grows from a young teen into an adolescent, and the change emotionally is sometimes overwhelming. Children of this age start to worry about what people think about them and what they can do to please everyone, even if itÃ¢â¬â¢s not the right thing. With all that is going on for the child in these times it sometimes leads to drug use, rebellious acts, depression, and peer pressure. Children at these ages feel the need to please everyone around them and will doÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Sentiment and dating enter the photo interestingly and sexual movement turns into an alternative. The impact of partners/relationships and different friends are still exceptionally solid, yet the s takes are higher. In this time mischief can be higher depending on the company that is held. Self-esteem and confidence are normal topics all through the whole life improvement cycle. In center youth, correlations are made to check whether capacities are up to saw measures. This runs in accordance with Erikson s formative phase of industry versus mediocrity. How great a young person trusts coincides with how great they are at given errands. As pre-adulthood approaches, the concentration shifts from what they do to their identity. The part one plays in the public eye turns out to be more imperative whether it be in standard culture or some counterculture. A man s way of life, and age can impact egocentrism, adolescents trust that their appearance and conduct is under the watch of others. The other idea is the individual tale, which supplements the nonexistent crowd. The nonexistent group of onlookers moves toward becoming overcome with how youngsters look and act and how exceptional and uncommon they are. The youthful trusts that they are by one means or another interminable and unique. The individual tale has the immature trusting that nobody else comprehends or trusts that nobody else has ever been in this situation. The individual tale
Friday, December 20, 2019
In David Copperfield, Dickens has many relationships, which you can compare to one another throughout the story. Dickens loves using foils to create creative and interestingly detailed relationships, which can parallel and mirror the views of the Neoclassical and Romantic periods. In this essay I will compare and contrast two relationships. The two relationships that I have chosen are DavidÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with Agnes Wickfield and then with James Steerforth. AgnesÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with David is a profitable and healthy one whereas SteerforthÃ¢â¬â¢s with David reminds me of a doctor letting a sick person bleed out, itÃ¢â¬â¢s unhealthy and does no good. Both of these relationships have interesting similarities and foils to one another.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦SheÃ¢â¬â¢s always listening to David and being the best possible friend she can be. Agnes sees right through SteerforthÃ¢â¬â¢s dark and handsome mask to what he really is in his heart. Agnes doesnÃ¢â ¬â¢t want David to hang out with Steerforth because she sees that Steerforth is the kind of person that the Bible talks about when it says, in Proverbs, that, Ã¢â¬Å"He who walks with the wise grows wise but a companion of fools suffers harmÃ¢â¬ . When David sees Agnes and he is drunk, he is mortified and embarrassed that she would have to see him in that state. Agnes is perceptive of the danger Steerforth is to David and says, Ã¢â¬Å"If I were, indeed, your good Angel, Trotwood, there is one thing that I should set my heart on very much. On warning you against your bad AngelÃ¢â¬ . Steerforth is a foil to AgnesÃ¢â¬â¢s good Angel, and becomes the other Angel on DavidÃ¢â¬â¢s shoulder, the bad Angel. Her relationship with David is a wise one, and one that will prolong and strengthen DavidÃ¢â¬â¢s character whereas SteerforthÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with David hinders his character development because he is so tied to Steerforth. AgnesÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with David is lik e water and sunshine on a brand new blossoming rose. David is the blossoming rose, and Agnes is the sunshine and water that makes the rose bright and beautiful. That is in stark contrast to SteerforthÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with David. DavidÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"roseÃ¢â¬ is being choked by SteerforthÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"thornsÃ¢â¬ and if the thorns werenÃ¢â¬â¢t takenShow MoreRelatedExplore the Relationship between Character and Environment. Essays1112 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescharacter itself. Explore the relationship between character and environment in any one or two fictional works of the period. Both Great Expectations and David Copperfield are characterised by the close relationship between the characters and their immediate environment. This is emblematic of all Dickens novels, reflecting Dickens own life, recreating his experiences and journeys, using people and places to symbolise feelings and emotions. David Copperfield opens to `Pip in a churchyardRead MoreRomeo And The Germanic Word Buildungsroman Essay1589 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGrey and David Copperfield The Germanic word Buildungsroman is a classification of literary genre that specifically focuses on personal accomplishment and maturation of main characters through texts. Buildungsroman is also considers to be the most significant description of emotional growth of main characters from their youth. This term Bildungsroman is closely associated with the two English novels written in the nineteenth century; Ã¢â¬Å"Agnes GreyÃ¢â¬ (1847) by Anne Bronte and Ã¢â¬Å"David CopperfieldÃ¢â¬ (1850)Read More The Portrayal of Family in Charles Dickens David Copperfield4646 Words Ã |Ã 19 PagesThe Portrayal of Family in Charles Dickens David Copperfield DECLARATION OF INTEGRITY. I declare that this study is my own and does not contain any unacknowledged work from any source. CONTEXT INTRODUCTION. 4 1. COPPERFIELDS (SENIOUR): DickenÃ¢â¬â¢s pattern of 6 happy marriage. 2. DAVIDDORAÃ¢â¬â¢S MARRIAGE: the reasons of spiritual 8 separation in the family. 3. DAVIDAGNESÃ¢â¬â¢S MARRIAGE: DickenÃ¢â¬â¢s ideal of 12 marriage 4. MR.MURDSTONECLARA: opposite to DickenÃ¢â¬â¢s ideal 14 Of happy marriageRead MoreBook Report on David Copperfield by Charles Dickens1996 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages1. Title: David Copperfield 2. Genre/Category Descriptors: Fiction/Classic/Literary 3. Author/country of origin: Charles Dickens, United Kingdom 4. Themes*: Pick 2 and explain what the author is saying about each: As people age, they change- Dickens shows throughout the book that changes occur in people over time. Not only does David become much more confident, aware, and able to think for himself as time goes on, but the minor characters also experience change. Dickens shows that people areRead More Charles Dickens Reflection on Society in Hard Times, Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, and David Copperfield1988 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCharles Dickens Reflection on Society in Hard Times, Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, and David Copperfield In this essay I will be examining how and why Dickens chose to comment on the society in which he lived through his novels. I will be examining Ã¢â¬ËHard TimesÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËOliver TwistÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËNicholas NickelbyÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËDavid CopperfieldÃ¢â¬Ë. Charles Dickens was considered to be one of the greatest English novelists during the Victorian period, and during this period, novelists had a tradition of commentingRead MoreThe Main Contributions to Charles Dickens Popularity1592 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshis motherÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to keep Dickens working in the factory. In his later works, this subservient anger and resent would surface within his works as major themes or as motifs. In his eight novel David Copperfield [full title: The Personal History, Adventures, Experience and Observation of David Copperfield the Younger of Blunderstone Rookery (Which He Never Meant to Publish on Any Account)] Following an acclimation to Ã¢â¬Å"regularÃ¢â¬ life once more, Charles was sent to the Wellington House Academy in NorthRead MoreDavid Copperfield9349 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesDavid Copperfield by Charles DickensÃ¢â¬ ¦. Analysis by: Shrook Essam El-Din Table of Contents: a- Abstract . b- Charles Dickens life . c- Similarity between Charles childhood and David Copperfield . d- Autobiographical Elements of David Copperfield . e- Plot summary . f- Major themes . g- List of references . a- Abstract : David Copperfield captured the hearts and imagination of generations of readers since the day of its publication. Charles Dickens chose the mainRead MoreÃ¢â¬Å"Art Is a Lie That Brings Us Nearer to the TruthÃ¢â¬ (Pablo Picasso)1692 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesArt is different from most areas of knowledge primarily in terms of its objective and also the means by which it reflects, transforms and expresses them. For art, like philosophy, reflects the reality in its relationship with man, and represents the latter, his spiritual world, and the relations between the individuals and their interactions with the world. Pablo Picasso was known for representing his work in a non-realistic manner. However, the audience could relate to his works; Guernica is anRead MoreAmerican Literature And Ways They Cultivate Their Own Methods Of Survival Within Their Societies1484 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfrankly and openly with Phoebe. But it is important to note that Salinger does appoint Holden as a rebel in o ne regardÃ¢â¬âhe is a rebellious narrator. From the beginning of the novel, Holden assures his readers that he will not mimic Ã¢â¬Å"all that David Copperfield kind of crapÃ¢â¬ (1). The classic DickensÃ¢â¬â¢ Bildungsroman novel frames a coming-of-age story within brackets of future maturity and understanding, showing the reader how much the narrator has grown and flourished. But at the end of The Catcher inRead More Charles Dickens Essay1932 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageswriters in the history of literature. Surely no English author is so well known and so widely read, translated and remembered as Charles Dickens. He fame is well deserved. From the pen of this great author came such characters as Oliver Twist, David Copperfield, Bob Cratchit and Tiny Tim, Mr. Pickwick, and Little Nett. Dickens was born on February 7, 1812, in Portsmouth and spent most of his childhood in London and Kent, both of which appear frequently in his novels. Charles Dickens was the son of
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Comparative Advantage and Optimal Trade Policy. Answer: Introduction: The GDP is ineffective welfare measure. GDP doesnt reflect the true economy health. A compressive measure like HDI is required since GDP fails to integrate welfare measures. GDP solely describes the value of all finished products produced within a country over a period of time. None of GDPs computation method include indicators of welfare. GDP is a proxy of a proxy measure hence lacks validity as welfare (Kubiszewski et al. 2013). It only include market transactions but disregards voluntary/domestic work with considerable impact on welfare which enhance living standards. GDP excludes black market transactions and unlawful activities with adverse impacts on welfare. In comparing the welfare of any two countries utilizing GDP per capital and the UNs HDI, the following two images are used in terms of literacy level. The 2006 figures can be used to compare the GDP and HDI. Based on 2006 figures retrieved from: https://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/GDP , the figures indicate that United States ranks number one with a GDP of $13.2 trillion (current USD), whereas Japan comes next with $4.34 trillion, Germany with $2.90 trillion and China with $2.60 trillion. These countries at the topic take the lead in terms of activities happening within their borders but doesnt essentially mean that their populace are better off than the remaining countries in terms of the overal welfare. HDI figures (drawn from: https://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/Human-Development-Index) indicate that Norway ranks top with highest HDI of 0.963, Iceland follows with HDI of 0.956 and Australia third with 0.955, Canada, Luxembourg and Sweden are tied at fourth position with 0.949. Niger is last with HDI of 0.281. Since HDI is relatively more detailed than GDP, countries that ranks high in GDP take lower ranks with HDI. As US is merely rank 10th, Japan 11th, Germany 20th and China eighty-fifth. This is because HDI includes additional indicators thereby allowing it provide a better image of state of well-being of the populace of a country. Citizens in Norway live longer lives than US citizens. Norway has a life expectancy at birth of 82.9 years in 2006 while US life expectancy merely stood at 77.70 years. The investment spending by firms is determined by the rate of interest criterion. Low rates of interest have always stimulated the housing construction while construction is reduced by higher rates of investment. There is a reciprocal relationship between the interest rates and the investment in the residential establishments in both Australia and the United States. Such a relationship is applicable to all forms of the investment: Higher rates of investment has a tendency to decrease the investment quantity, whereas lower rates of interest surge investment quantity. The investment demand curvature can be used to show an investment curvature for economy (Gilchrist, Sim and Zakrajek 2014). This curvature demonstrates the investment quantity demanded at each rate of interest, holding other determinants of demand fixed. At the lower rate of interest of r2, then demand curve for investment indicates that the investment quantity demanded shall ascend to B a year. A decrease in the rate of interest hence triggers the movement along the curvature of investment demand. The investment curve indicates the volume of the investment expenditure a year at every rate of interest in both countries, Ceteris paribus other determinants of investment. The curvature indicates that as the rate of interest declines in both Australia and the US, the investment level per year surges. A decline in rate of interest from r1 to r2 in both countries, for instance, would surge investment from A to B billion dollars a year, Ceteris paribus other investment determinants. From the above graph, the implication for behaviour of investment based on interest rate on GDP growth is two-fold. A reduction in interest increases investment and thus increasing the production and hence increased GPD in both Australia and the United States. On the contrary, an increase in the rates of interest will lead to a reduction in investment thus leading to less GDP in both Australia and United States. Comparative advantage drives the international trade. It is economic law that denotes economys ability to produce commodities at lowest opportunity cost than another country. A country will decide to produce the goods it can best produce and export and import the goods it cannot produce best (Laursen 2015). Comparative advantage benefits the country if it is relatively efficient at producing some goods by specialization, even when it lacks absolute advantage in its production (Costinot, Donaldson, Vogel and Werning 2015). Simply put, despite other countries being able to undertake the production of such commodities increasingly efficiently, an economy has to specialize in particular commodities where the opportunity-cost of such production is lowest in that economy (Laursen 2015). The forgone cost describes the immediate cost of best use which might be made of resources dedicated to the commodities production. Specializing in products that it produces relatively efficiently, an economy would sell more and subsequently surge its income. Comparative-advantage helps a company to specialize in products it is comparatively most efficient and effective, subsequently the total national output hence the national income could be surged (Laursen 2015). The country can produce more of such goods than it needs and export them to another country whereas utilizing the proceeds from export to purchase imported commodities that it does not produce. A country thus pushes its PPF outward hence surging its national output. All players (countries), at all times, are able to benefit mutually from the collaboration alongside free trade with comparative advantage, Comparative advantage is a useful concept in the theory of international trade. Riccardo demonstrated how Portugal (wine) and England (clothing) benefit by specializing and trading to their comparative advantage. The comparative advantage of China with the US is in terms of inexpensive labour. The workers of China produce unsophisticated consumer products at very extreme lower opportunity-cost (Laursen 2015). The US comparative-advantage is in specialized capital-intensive labour. The American employees produce sophisticated products/investment opportunities at the lowest opportunity cost. Both China and U.S. have gained by specializing as well as trading along such lines in a free-trade between both economies. References Costinot, A., Donaldson, D., Vogel, J. and Werning, I., 2015. Comparative advantage and optimal trade policy. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 130(2), pp.659-702. Gilchrist, S., Sim, J.W. and Zakrajek, E., 2014. Uncertainty, financial frictions, and investment dynamics (No. w20038). National Bureau of Economic Research. Kubiszewski, I., Costanza, R., Franco, C., Lawn, P., Talberth, J., Jackson, T. and Aylmer, C., 2013. Beyond GDP: Measuring and achieving global genuine progress. Ecological Economics, 93, pp.57-68. Laursen, K., 2015. Revealed comparative advantage and the alternatives as measures of international specialization. Eurasian Business Review, 5(1), pp.99-115. https://www.nationmaster.com/blog/?p=45
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Foundation of Social Research for the Number of Homeless. Answer: Introduction: The aim of this literature review is to determine the perceptions of homeless people and perception of other people towards them. Number of homeless increased in Australia in past few years. There are many other peoples who are just a step away of being homeless in Australia, people which are living in housing which is not secure for them. This becomes area of concern for professionals as well as for government. Being homeless is not a choice, people are homeless due to financial and emotional problems. Perception of people towards homeless people is important because public perception effect the legislation and seriousness of matter. Usually an individual who has not any permanent residence or who live on the streets are considered to be homeless. As per the Mackenzie and chamberlains definition there are three categories of homelessness: Primary homelessness, Secondary homelessness and Tertiary homelessness (Homelessness Australia, n.d.). Literature Review: As per the book Homelessness in Australia which is edited by Chris Camberlain, Guy Johnson Catherine Robinson, arrival of Britishers changed the context of Australia these three ways that is economic, legal spiritual. Aboriginal peoples have their houses till the time colonies arrived in Australia. Aboriginal peoples are the people who live on the land before the colonies arrived. Homelessness begin in Australia with the arrival of the first fleet in Australia. In 1992 Prime Minister Paul Keatings mention in his speech about the damage suffered by traditional owners not only spiritual damage but also economic loss (Chamberlain, Johnson Robinson, 2014). As per the new research conduct, one in 10 Australians experience to being homeless at least for one time in their lives. Researchers of RMIT found that 11.1% women and 15.1% men have experience of being homeless at least one time in their lives that means 2.35 million of population of Australia spend a night without a house. From this 2.35 million at least 1.4 million people have also slept in rough conditions or in dwellings. Results of the report are shocking because no one expected such big numbers. As per Professor Chris Chamberlain and Dr Guy Johnson said that this report clear the confusion that only few homeless people slept rough (Schetzer, 2015). According to the society there are several causes of homelessness which are economic condition, limited availability of jobs, drugs and mental illness. Few think that being homeless is the choice of homeless people and some says that they are willing to earn sufficient income and not working hard for this (Phillips, 2014). According to Amy Donley and Emmanuel Jackson there are several questions which are there as how people treat the homeless people and how homeless people survive and fulfill their basic needs regarding food clothes. After asking these questions from several people, they got results which are really disappointing. According to the answers 50% of homeless people say that other people who are not homeless perceive them negatively, they treat them worthless. Some respondents mention that people treat them well and in a positive way. There are many charities which provide food and clothes to homeless people and fulfillment of their basic needs rely on the charity of these organizations. People admit if they miss a meal provided by these charities then they did not have meal for the whole day. There are many peoples who do not have option of free meal and they have to struggle a lot for their meal. There are several peoples who are presentable and they want to hide the fact that they are h omeless but usually major population of homeless people does not care about the presentation and hygiene factors (Donley Jackson, 2014). Stigma: A client give statement in Hanover Client Survey 2008, that I am homeless is embarrassing as it makes me feel like Im some lazy bum with a drug and alcohol problem who doesnt do anything to help themselves. I overhear people talking and this seems to be a common opinion Homeless people have been stigmatized and blamed for the situation in which they are, they usually suffer stigmatization by their fellow citizens. Discussion on this topic begins with the theory of Goffmans (1963). According to Goffman definition of stigma is an attribute that is deeply discrediting. Homeless people are not accepted by the society. Society considers them in a negative way. Even statements of care made by the people towards homeless people includes stigma. Goffman divide stigma in three categories; physical disability, defect in character of person defects in particular tribal, national or religious group (Crossman, 2016). Homeless people are affected from all the areas of stigma mention by Goffman, as they are homeless society consider it the defect in their character and count them worthless. Stigmatization suffer by homeless people is not because of their being homeless but because of the mentality of their fellow citizens that homeless people are worthless. Recently homelessness becomes an area of concern for the Australian government, in 2008 Australian Government releases a white paper on homelessness that is The Road Home: A National Approach to Reducing Homelessness. In this strategy government take a three layer approach which is; providing improved services, intervention of experts for the people with high needs prevention at early stage. Both government and service sector understand the problem of homelessness and take measures to solve the problem but support and understanding from public is not there, which makes the situation more critical. Government requires support from community and also balance with laws of community. Research is conducted on communitys attitude towards the homelessness which results in mixed reviews such as choice and laziness and some says because of unaffordable houses (Betterham, Hollows Kollar, n.d.). As per the Barbara Schneider and Chaseten Remillard, treat the homeless people in the same way as you treat the other peoples who have home. Statements of care made by the domiciled peoples include stigma. Their studies reflect that measures taken to reduce the stigma are not as effective as they had to be, therefore they not offer any solution for the problem of stigma (Schneider remillard, 2013). Conclusion: This report contains the perception of homeless people and also the perception of their fellow citizens towards the homeless people. In this we talk brief about the history of beginning of homelessness in Australia from the setup of colonizers. Homeless people usually hide the fact of being homeless due to the attitude of society towards them. When people make statements of care for homeless people it also includes stigma in their statements. Stigmatization suffer by homeless people is not because of their being homeless but because of the attitude of society towards them. Community think people are homeless because of their laziness and choice. Government take preventive measures to reduce the problem of homelessness but public support are not there. References: Homelessness Australia, There is no one definition of homelessness, Retrieved on 29th august from: https://www.homelessnessaustralia.org.au/index.php/about-homelessness/what-is-homelessness. Schetzer, A. (2015). One in 10 Australians homeless at some point. Journal, (online). Available at: https://www.theage.com.au/victoria/one-in-10-australians-homeless-at-some-point-20151023-gkh5sv.html (Accessed 29 August 2015). Batterham, D. Hollows, A. Kolar, V. Attitudes to homelessness in Australia. Journal of hanover welfare services. Donley, A. Jackson, E. (2014). Blending In: The Presentation of Self among Homeless Men in a Gentrifying Environment. Journal of Homelessness.7(1). Chamberlain, C. Johnson, G. Robinson, C.(2014). Homelessness in Australia. Council to homeless person 2014. Schneider, B. Remillard, C. (2013), Caring About Homelessness: How Identity Work Maintains the Stigma of Homelessness. Journal of Homelessness. 33(1): 95 112. crossman, A. (2016). Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Journal of about education. (online). Available at: https://sociology.about.com/od/Works/a/Stigma-Notes-On-The-Management-Of-Spoiled-Identity.htm . (Accessed 29 August 2015). Phillips, L. (2014), Homelessness: Perception of Causes and Solution. Routledge. Journal of poverty. 19(1); 1-19.